Roch Marc Christian Kaboré

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Roch Marc Christian Kaboré
Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (04-06-2018).jpg
Kaboré in 2018
3rd President of Burkina Faso
In office
29 December 2015 – 24 January 2022
Prime MinisterPaul Kaba Thieba
Christophe Joseph Marie Dabiré
Lassina Zerbo
Preceded byMichel Kafando (transitional)
Succeeded byPaul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba (acting)
Prime Minister of Burkina Faso
In office
22 March 1994 – 6 February 1996
PresidentBlaise Compaoré
Preceded byYoussouf Ouédraogo
Succeeded byKadré Désiré Ouedraogo
Personal details
Born (1957-04-25) 25 April 1957 (age 65)
Ouagadougou, French Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso)
Political partyPeople's Movement for Progress (2014–present)
Other political
affiliations
Organization for Popular Democracy – Labour Movement (before 1996)
Congress for Democracy and Progress (1996–2014)
Spouse(s)
(m. 1982)
Children3
Alma materUniversity of Burgundy
WebsiteOfficial Website
Kaboré in 2012

Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (French pronunciation: ​[ʁɔk maʁk kʁistjɑ̃ kabɔʁe]; born 25 April 1957) is a Burkinabé banker and politician who served as the President of Burkina Faso from 2015 until he was deposed in 2022.[1] He was the Prime Minister of Burkina Faso between 1994 and 1996 and President of the National Assembly of Burkina Faso from 2002 to 2012. Kaboré was also president of the Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP) until his departure from the party in 2014. He founded the People's Movement for Progress party that same year.[2]

Kaboré was elected president in the November 2015 general election, winning a majority in the first round of voting. Upon taking office, he became the first non-interim president in 49 years without any past ties to the military. Kaboré worked as a banker prior to his political career.

On 24 January 2022, during the 2022 Burkina Faso coup d'état, Kaboré was deposed and detained by the military.[3] After the announcement, the military declared that the parliament, government and constitution had been dissolved.[4]

Early years[edit]

Kaboré was born in Ouagadougou, the capital city of Burkina Faso, then called Upper Volta. He is the son of Charles Bila Kaboré, former government minister and former Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO). He attended primary school from 1962 to 1968, when he received his CPS (Certificate of Primary School). On completing this basic education certificate, he attended the Collège Saint Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, a selective school in Ouagadougou. He studied there from 1968 to 1975, passing his BEPC or General Certificate ('O' Level) in 1972 and his baccalauréat ('A' level) in 1975. He went on to study economics at the University of Dijon, majoring in business administration. There, he completed his BA in 1979 and his Master's in 1980.[5]

Kaboré met his future wife, Sika Bella Kaboré, while both were studying in France.[6] The couple married in 1982 and have three children.[6]

Career[edit]

Banking career[edit]

Kaboré, like his father, Charles Bila Kaboré (who was a government minister under President Maurice Yaméogo), worked as a banker for the International Bank of Burkina (BIB).[7] He was eventually promoted to head Burkina Faso's largest bank during the presidency of Thomas Sankara.[7] In 1984, aged 27, he was named the General Director of the BIB; he remained in that post until September 1989, when he was appointed to the government.[8]

Political career[edit]

He was in the government as a minister and a special adviser to the president and has been a deputy in the National Assembly.[9] He became Prime Minister in 1994. When the Congress for Democracy and Progress was formed in early February 1996, Kaboré resigned as Prime Minister and became the new ruling party's First Vice-President, as well as Special Adviser at the Presidency.[10]

On 6 June 2002, he was elected as President of the National Assembly of Burkina Faso, succeeding Mélégué Maurice Traoré.[11]

Function Period
Minister of Transports and Communications 21 September 1989
Minister of State 16 February 1992
Member of the Parliament Representing of the Kadiogo Region for the ODP/MT (now the CDP Party) 24 May 1992
Minister of State for Finance and Plan[12] From 19 June 1992 to 3 September 1993
Minister of State From 3 September 1993 to 20 March 1994
Prime Minister 20 March 1994
Special Advisor of the President of Burkina Faso From February 1996 to June 1997
Elected as a member of the National Assembly for the CDP Party 11 May 1997
Elected as the National Secretary of the CDP Party August 1999
Elected as President of the National Assembly 6 June 2002[11]
Elected President of the CDP Party August 2003
Elected President of Burkina Faso November 2015

In the May 2007 parliamentary election, Kaboré was re-elected to the National Assembly as the first candidate on the CDP's national list. Following the election, the National Assembly again elected Kaboré as its president. He received 90 votes, while Norbert Tiendrébéogo received 13; there were seven invalid votes.[13]

Resignation from the CDP[edit]

Kaboré, along with a number of other prominent figures in the CDP, announced his resignation from the party on 6 January 2014. Those who resigned said that the party was being run in an undemocratic and damaging manner, and they expressed opposition to plans to amend the constitution to eliminate term limits, which would allow President Blaise Compaoré to stand for re-election in 2015.[14] On 25 January 2014, a new opposition party led by Kaboré, the People's Movement for Progress (Mouvement du Peuple pour le Progrès, MPP), was founded.[15][16]

Presidency[edit]

At an MPP convention held at the Ouagadougou Palais des Sports on 4–5 July 2015, Kaboré was officially confirmed as the MPP candidate for the presidential elections due to be held on 29 November 2015.[17][18]

In the election of 29 November 2015, Kaboré won the election in the first round of voting, receiving 53.5% of the vote against 29.7% for the second place candidate, Zephirin Diabré.[19] He was sworn in as President on 29 December 2015.[20] He appointed Paul Kaba Thieba, an economist, as Prime Minister on 7 January 2016.[21] The composition of the new government was announced on 13 January, with Kaboré personally taking charge of the ministerial portfolio for defense and veteran affairs.[22] Jean-Claude Bouda, who had been Minister of Youth, was appointed on 20 February 2017 to take over from Kaboré as Minister of Defense.[23][24]

He was reelected to a second term in the 22 November 2020 general elections with 57.74% of the vote.[25]

Deposal and arrest[edit]

On 24 January 2022, Kaboré was deposed by the military.[3] After the announcement, the military declared that the parliament, government, and constitution had been dissolved.[4] The Patriotic Movement for Safeguard and Restoration (MPSR) shared a hand-written resignation letter by him, which was also signed, with its authenticity being verified by Reuters. "In the interests of the nation, following events that took place since yesterday, I have decided to resign from my role as president of Burkina Faso," said the letter.[26] It was afterwards reported that Kaboré had been detained at a military barracks.[27] He was later transferred to house arrest.[28][29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reuters (24 January 2022). "Burkina Faso President Roch Kabore has resigned -sources". Reuters. Archived from the original on 29 January 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Roch Marc C. Kaboré | West Africa Gateway | Portail de l'Afrique de l'Ouest". www.west-africa-brief.org. Archived from the original on 26 January 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Burkina Faso army says it has deposed President Kabore". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Burkina Faso military says it has seized power". BBC News. 24 January 2022. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  5. ^ An.bf Archived 28 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b Roger, Benjamin (9 December 2015). "Burkina : qui est Sika Bella Kaboré, la nouvelle première dame du Faso?". Jeune Afrique. Archived from the original on 18 April 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  7. ^ a b Allafrica,com Archived 6 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Editorial:Burkina Faso: The "People's Victory" – President-Elect Kaboré and the Democratic Road Ahead for Burkina Faso, By Brian J. Peterson is Associate Professor of History, Union College, New York, 4 December 2015
  8. ^ "Petiteacademie.gov.bf". Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  9. ^ "Africatime.com". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  10. ^ "Feb 1996 – New government – Transformation of ruling party", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 42, February 1996, Burkina, page 40,937.
  11. ^ a b "RAPPORT DE LA MISSION D'OBSERVATION DE L'ÉLECTION PRÉSIDENTIELLE DU 13 NOVEMBRE 2005" (PDF) (in French). Democratie.francophonie.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 June 2007.
  12. ^ "Ministre". Ministère des finances. Archived from the original on 4 August 2020. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  13. ^ List of candidates elected to the National Assembly in 2007, National Assembly website (in French).
  14. ^ "Burkina: vague de démissions au sein du parti de Compaoré"[permanent dead link], Agence France-Presse, 6 January 2014 (in French).
  15. ^ "Roch Marc Christian Kaboré à la tête d'un nouveau parti d'opposition" Archived 24 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Jeune Afrique, 26 January 2014 (in French).
  16. ^ "Blaise wants compromise" Archived 1 October 2020 at the Wayback Machine, Africa Confidential, volume 55, number 3, 7 February 2014.
  17. ^ "Burkina: R.M. Christian Kaboré investi candidat pour la présidentielle" Archived 14 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Radio France Internationale, 6 July 2015 (in French).
  18. ^ "Burkina Faso: Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, MPP's presidential candidate for 2015 elections" Archived 1 April 2020 at the Wayback Machine, The Africa Report, 8 July 2015.
  19. ^ Mathieu Bonkoungou and Nadoun Coulibaly, "Kabore wins Burkina Faso presidential election" Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Reuters, 1 December 2015.
  20. ^ "Burkina Faso swears in new president, capping transition" Archived 8 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Agence France-Presse, 29 December 2015.
  21. ^ "Burkina Faso's president names economist as prime minister" Archived 16 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Reuters, 7 January 2016.
  22. ^ "Burkina Faso president takes defence portfolio in new cabinet" Archived 1 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Agence France-Presse, 13 January 2016.
  23. ^ "Burkina Faso president steps down from defence portfolio" Archived 6 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Africanews, 21 February 2017.
  24. ^ Nadoun Coulibaly, "Burkina : Roch Marc Christian Kaboré retouche son gouvernement" Archived 24 January 2019 at the Wayback Machine, Jeune Afrique, 21 February 2017 (in French).
  25. ^ Presse, AFP-Agence France (28 December 2020). "Burkina President Vows Push For Security At Inauguration". www.barrons.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2021. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  26. ^ Ndiaga, Anne Mimault And Thiam (25 January 2022). "Burkina Faso crowd celebrates West Africa's latest coup". Reuters. Archived from the original on 26 January 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  27. ^ "Burkina Faso president reportedly detained by military". BBC News. 24 January 2022. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  28. ^ "Former ruling party demands release of Kabore from house arrest". Africanews. 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  29. ^ "Burkina Faso restores constitution, names coup leader president". Al Jazeera. 31 January 2022. Retrieved 5 February 2022.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Burkina Faso
1994–1996
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Michel Kafando
Transitional
President of Burkina Faso
2015–2022
Succeeded by
Party political offices
New political party Leader of the People's Movement for Progress
2014–present
Incumbent