Telecommunications in Iceland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Telecommunications in Iceland is a diversified market.

Submarine connectivity[edit]

Current internet and telephone services rely on submarine communications cables for external traffic, with a total capacity of 60.2Tbit/s

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

  • CANTAT-3, 3 fiber pairs, with capacity of 7.5 Gbit/s to Denmark, Germany, Faroe Islands and Canada (1994-2009)
  • SCOTICE, coaxial cable, to Faroe Islands onto Scotland, 32 telephone circuits (1961-1987)
  • ICECAN, coaxial cable, to Greenland onto Canada, 24 telephone circuits (1961-1987)
  • Great Northern Telegraph Co., Seyðisfjörður to Faroe Islands onto Shetland Islands to UK (1906-1962)

Under Construction[edit]

  • IRIS, 6 fiber pairs, with 108 Tbit/s initial capacity to Galway, Ireland, due to be laid summer 2022.

Services[edit]

Internet[edit]

Data centres[edit]

Internet service providers[edit]

The largest Internet service providers in Iceland:

  1. Síminn (Síminn hf)
  2. Vodafone Iceland (Sýn hf)
  3. Nova (Nova hf)
  4. Hringiðan (Hringiðan ehf / Vortex Inc)
  5. Hringdu (Hringdu ehf)

Internet hosting service[edit]

Iceland has numerous internet hosting services:

Internet exchange point[edit]

Iceland has an internet exchange point called the Reykjavik Internet Exchange (RIX).

Mail[edit]

Print[edit]

Daily newspapers[edit]

Free daily newspapers[edit]

Weekly and bi-weekly Newspapers[edit]

English Language Newspapers[edit]

Radio[edit]

Public broadcasters:[edit]

RÚV

Commercial broadcasters[edit]

Telephone[edit]

Landline[edit]

As of 2018 there are 75,716 landlines in use in Iceland of which 73,361 are PSTN. ISDN 2B and 30B subscriptions make up 1,971 and 384 respectively. The number of landlines in Iceland has been slowly decreasing since their peak in 2001 at 196,528. Meanwhile, the number of VoIP subscriptions have been rising, from 58,311 in 2016 to 76,122 in 2018. 2018 was the first year that VoIP subscriptions surpassed PSTN subscriptions.[1] Síminn, the operator of the POTS network has indicated that a complete shut down of the POTS network is ongoing and is due to be completed in 2022. Existing landline customers will be transitioned over to VoIP services.[2]

Mobile[edit]

As of 2010 there are 341,077 active GSM (2G) and UMTS (3G) subscriptions in use in Iceland. In 2010, all NMT (1G) networks were shut down. Nova was first to offer 4G[3] followed by Síminn. 5G services were launched in 2020 by Nova, followed by Síminn.[4] 2G services are due to be shut down in 2024 and 3G in 2025.[5]

Telephone numbers[edit]

There are no area codes in Iceland, and all telephone numbers have seven digits. The international dialling code is +354. Due to the Icelandic naming system, people are listed by their first name in the telephone directory, and not by their last name (which is usually patronym, or, rarely, a matronym).

Television[edit]

Television in Iceland began in September 1966.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PFS Tölfræðaskýrsla 2018" (PDF). 1 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Landlínukerfið fyrir síma að úreldast". www.mbl.is. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  3. ^ "Nova launches first 4G network in Iceland". telegeography.com. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  4. ^ "5G-væðingin hafin að fullu – Kortunum fjölgaði úr 119 í tólf þúsund á sex mánuðum". Kjarninn (in Icelandic). 2021-12-19. Retrieved 2022-02-23.
  5. ^ "Icelandic 2G network to shut down by end of 2024, 3G by end of 2025". www.telecompaper.com.

External links[edit]